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Rome

Discover all the secrets of the Eternal City
With over three thousand years of history and astonishing classical beauty, Rome truly deserves to be called the Eternal City. From the breath-taking Colosseum to the famous Trevi Fountain, Rome has something for every taste. Enjoy a freshly brewed espresso on one of the Rome’s popular piazzas and admire the everlasting beauty of frescoes in the Sistine Chapel. Caravaggio’s paintings in Santa Maria del Popolo are a definite must-see. Rome is also home to the Pantheon, built in 125 AD, the stunning St. Peter’s Basilica as well as another classic, the Roman Forum. Many of the world’s most famous churches, museums and galleries are just around the corner allowing you to have it all. Make sure you explore the popular Trastevere and its cafes and trattorias, sit down on the Spanish Steps or just relax and enjoy Rome’s picturesque and sunny atmosphere. Rome will surely convince you that it is one of Italy’s gems.

In and around Rome

  • Victor Emmanuel II Monument
    Museums

    This spectacular – but controversial – monument was built to honour Victor Emmanuel II, the first King of a unified Italy. The building hosts the admission-free Museo Centrale del Risorgimento and a rooftop bar. The monument holds the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, built after World War I, and also hosts exhibitions of some the greatest 20th-century artists.
    Piazza Venezia, 00186 Rome
    Open Monday-Sunday 09:30–18:30
  • Roman Forum
    Monuments

    Rome’s world dominance may be a thing of the ancient past, but its ruins are an eternal reminder of what once was. The Roman Forum was originally used as a marketplace in the ancient world, but also saw frequent processions, the occasional trial – and even gladiatorial battles. You’ll still spot remarkable details and craftsmanship in the buildings, shrines and temples.
    Via dei Fori Imperiali, Rome
    Open Monday-Sunday 08:30–19:15. Changes seasonally. Check website for details.
    http://www.060608.it/it/cultura-e-svago/beni-culturali/beni-archeologici/area-archeologica-foro-romano-palatino.html
  • Pantheon
    Monuments

    The Pantheon has been a model of perfection for almost 18 centuries. Known for its perfect symmetry (the diameter of the dome is equal to the building’s height), it’s one of the most well preserved buildings of Ancient Rome – and an enduring symbol of architectural perfection. It’s also the resting place of King Vittorio Emanuele II, Umberto I and the artist Rafael.
    Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Rome, Italy
    Open Monday–Saturday 09:00–19:30, Sunday 09:00–18:00.
    http://www.pantheonroma.com/
  • Trevi Fountain
    Monuments

    Much to the annoyance of his fellow gods who chose to simply materialise, Oceanus preferred to travel by cumbersome shell-shaped chariot. Constructed in 1762 at the height of the baroque, the Trevi Fountain is one of the world’s most elaborate – and romantic – fountains. The God Oceanus is the fountain’s centrepiece. Swimmers take heed: beware of the vigilant fountain police!
    Piazza di Trevi, 00187 Rome
  • Piazza Navona
    Landmarks

    Pope Innocent X was the king of 17th-century renovation, turning a disused stadium into a bustling square. Here you’ll find the extravagant Fountain of the Four Rivers by Bernini, whose arch-rival Borromini created The Church of St Agnes in Agone on the western side of the square. 17th-century drama aside, today Piazza Navona is home to many restaurants and cafés.
    Piazza Navona, 00186 Rome
  • Campo de' Fiori
    Popular areas

    You’d typically visit this square to wander round the colourful street market – but once upon a time, the square was the site of gruesome executions. The centrepiece is The Statue of Giordano Bruno, who overlooks the restaurants and bars. There is plenty of imbibing to be had here in the evening, as the square transforms into a popular night-spot.
    Piazza Campo de' Fiori, 00186 Rome
    http://www.turismoroma.it/cosa-fare/campo-de%E2%80%99-fiori?lang=en
  • Colosseum
    Monuments

    Picture this: you’re witnessing a bloody battle to the death, along with 80,000 screaming Romans. Mercifully, gladiatorial fights are a thing of the past but you’ll definitely be mentally transported to historic times with a visit to the Colosseum. The stone, brick and concrete structure has been standing since 80AD, constructed by order of the Roman Emperor Vespasian.
    Piazza del Colosseo 1, Rome
    Open Monday-Sunday 08:30–19:15. Changes seasonally. Check website for details.
    http://www.the-colosseum.net/idx-en.htm
  • Piazza di Spagna
    Landmarks

    Contrary to popular belief, these stairs don’t speak a word of Spanish - but Piazza di Spagna has a romantic language all of its own. It’s a great place to people-watch or take notes from the fashionable folks exiting Via dei Condotti. Explore the Church of Trinità dei Monti or the Keats-Shelley House (dedicated to the English romantic poets, who were obsessed with Rome).
    Piazza di Spagna, 00187 Rome
  • Castel Sant'Angelo
    Monuments

    Hadrian was a vain emperor, building monuments to himself willy-nilly all over Italy. Hadrian’s mausoleum was originally constructed around 135AD and over time evolved into a fortress, castle … even a prison. Today it’s a museum containing sculptures, hidden causeways and ancient ruins. Ponte Sant’Angelo bridge has statues of angels sculpted by Bernini and his pupils.
    Lungotevere Castello 50, Romee
    Open Tuesday–Sunday 09:00–19:30.
    http://www.castelsantangelo.com/
  • St. Peter's Basilica
    Monuments

    How would you dress for a meeting with the pope? Book well in advance for an audience with the Pontiff himself, or just explore this spectacular church. The interior is a celestial wonder filled with religious artworks, including Michelangelo’s Pietà. This towering Renaissance-Baroque cathedral can be seen from miles around and holds up to 60,000 people during mass.
    Piazza San Pietro 00120 Città del Vaticano, Vatican City
    Open Monday-Sunday 07:00–19:00.
    http://www.vatican.va/

Rome


In and around Rome

  • Air - Fiumicino-Leonardo da Vinci Airport

    Fiumicino-Leonardo da Vinci Airport is the busiest airport in Italy, approximately 30 km from the centre. The most convenient connection to Termini Station (Rome’s central station) is by train, which runs every 30 minutes until 23:30 and takes 30 minutes. A single journey ticket costs around 14 EUR. Buses are cheaper still and can be pre-booked online. Taxis are readily available outside the terminal and cost around 48 EUR to the centre.
    Rome Fiumicino Airport
    www.adr.it
  • Air - Ciampino Airport

    Ciampino Airport is Rome’s second airport. It is mostly used by low cost carriers and is about 12 km from the city centre. The cheapest central connection is by Terravision or SIT bus to Termini Station which takes 40 minutes and costs around 4 EUR. As an alternative, take a bus to Anagnina Metro Station and connect with your desired location. A taxi costs around 30 EUR and takes 30-40 minutes.
    Ciampino Airport
    www.adr.it
  • Metro

    Rome has a reasonably good metro system that makes it the easiest way to move around the city. The metro has 3 lines – A, B and C – with lines A and B merging at Termini Train Station. Tickets can be bought at any tobacconist, newsagent or ticket office. A single journey ticket costs EUR 1.50 and is valid for 100 minutes. If you’re visiting for a few days, it probably works out cheaper to buy tickets for 1, 3 or 7 days.
    ATAC Roma
    www.atac.roma.it
  • Train

    Termini Station is Rome’s main train station. Transport within Rome is often easier by metro, but trains can be useful to reach less central areas of the city, such as Ostiense, Trastevere and San Pietro. Trains are also an easy way to reach Fiumicino Airport, the beach and other Italian cities like Florence, Bologna or Naples. Purchase a ticket online or from counters at Termini Station.
    Trenitalia
    www.trenitalia.com
  • Taxi

    Taxis are widely available throughout Rome, particularly at taxi stands around stations – look for the large orange ‘Taxi’ signs. To avoid being ripped off, only take official taxis - these are white and marked with the acronym SPQR. A small surcharge applies during the day and costs slightly more at night. Signalling a taxi from the street is possible, but can be difficult at night.
  • Bus

    Rome’s bus network can be daunting for visitors and often doesn’t run to schedule. Tickets are sold at machines on buses (exact change only) and at tobacconists (‘tabacchi’). A 100-minute ticket costs EUR 1.50, while a day pass is EUR 7. All tickets must be validated on board. Night buses run from 00:00–05:30 on weekdays (every 20 minutes on Fridays and Saturdays). Alternatively, the Roma Pass offers 3 days of bus and metro travel and attraction discounts for EUR 36.
    ATAC Roma
    www.atac.roma.it


ABOUT ROME


Rome – (Rome (/ˈroʊm/ ROHM; Italian: Roma [ˈroːma], Latin: Rōma) is a city and special comune (named Roma Capitale) in Italy. Rome is the capital of Italy and of the Lazio region. With 2.9 million residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's largest and most populated comune and fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. The Metropolitan City of Rome has a population of 4.3 million residents. The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of Tiber river. The Vatican City is an independent country geographically located within the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states

Earliest history
There is archaeological evidence of human occupation of the Rome area from approximately 14,000 years ago, but the dense layer of much younger debris obscures Palaeolithic and Neolithic sites. Evidence of stone tools, pottery and stone weapons attest to about 10,000 years of human presence. Several excavations support the view that Rome grew from pastoral settlements on the Palatine Hill built above the area of the future Roman Forum. While some archaeologists argue that Rome was indeed founded in the middle of the 8th century BC (the traditional date), the date is subject to controversy. However, the power of the well known tale of Rome's legendary foundation tends to deflect attention from its actual, more ancient, origins.

Legend of the founding of Rome
Capitoline Wolf suckles the infant twins Romulus and Remus.
Traditional stories handed down by the ancient Romans themselves explain the earliest history of their city in terms of legend and myth. The most familiar of these myths, and perhaps the most famous of all Roman myths, is the story of Romulus and Remus, the twins who were suckled by a she-wolf. They decided to build a city, but after an argument, Romulus killed his brother and the city took his name. According to the Roman annalists, this happened on 21 April 753 BC. This legend had to be reconciled with a dual tradition, set earlier in time, that had the Trojan refugee Aeneas escape to Italy and found the line of Romans through his son Iulus, the namesake of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. This was accomplished by the Roman poet Virgil in the first century BC. Climate
Rome enjoys a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa),[61] with cool, humid winters and hot, dry summers.
Its average annual temperature is above 20 °C (68 °F) during the day and 10 °C (50 °F) at night. In the coldest month – January, the average temperature is 12 °C (54 °F) during the day and 3 °C (37 °F) at night. In the warmest months – July and August, the average temperature is 30 °C (86 °F) during the day and 18 °C (64 °F) at night.
December, January and February are the coldest months, with a daily mean temperature of 8 °C (46 °F).Temperatures during these months generally vary between 10 and 15 °C (50 and 59 °F) during the day and between 3 and 5 °C (37 and 41 °F) at night, with colder or warmer spells occurring frequently. Snowfall is rare but not unheard of, with light snow or flurries occurring almost every winter, generally without accumulation, and major snowfalls once every 20 or 25 years (the last one in 2012).
The average relative humidity is 75%, varying from 72% in July to 77% in November. Sea temperatures vary from a low of 13 °C (55 °F) in February and March to a high of 24 °C (75 °F) in August.

Climate


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